n. The act of absolving, or the state of being absolved; release from consequences, obligations, or penalties; specifically, release from the penal consequences of sin.n. According to Roman Catholic theology, a remission of sin, which the priest, on the ground of authority received from Christ, makes in the sacrament of penance (which see). “It is not a mere announcement of the gospel, or a bare declaration that God will pardon the sins of those who repent, but, as the Council of Trent defines it, is a judicial act by which a priest as judge passes a sentence on the penitent.” Cath. Dict.n. According to Prot. theol., a sacerdotal declaration assuring the penitent of divine forgiveness on the ground of his repentance and faith. In the Roman Catholic Church the priest pronounces the absolution in his own name: “I absolve thee.” In Protestant communions that use a form of absolution, and in the Greek Church, it is pronounced in the name of God and as a prayer: “God [or Christ] absolve thee.”n. Abolition; abolishment.n. In civil law, a sentence declaring an accused person to be innocent of the crime laid to his charge.