n. One who professes Buddhism; a follower of the religious system founded by Buddha.Of or pertaining to Buddha or Buddhism.Stupas or topes, large towers, some built in the form of a hemisphere, others partly cylindrical and finished at the top with either a flat circle or a pointed dome-like terminal. The topes were erected in honor of some sacred event or place, and are sometimes employed to contain relics of Buddha or of a saint. In the latter case the tope is called a dagoba.Rails, formed of elaborately sculptured pillars, built around topes, temples, and other sacred objects.Chaitya halls, cut out of the living rock, and corresponding closely in plan with Christian churches. The positions of the altar or relic-casket, aisles, and apse are frequently the same in both.Viharas, or monasteries, originally built of red sandal-wood, but in exceptional circumstances excavated from the solid rock, with halls having their ceilings supported by elaborately sculptured pillars cut from the natural rock, and surrounded by a number of small sleeping-cells. A characteristic of the Buddhist style is the pseudo-arch, formed by courses of stones each overlapping that below it, till the two sides approach so closely that the opening at the top can be covered by a single stone.