Fresh; recent.n. A state of quiet or repose; absence or cessation of motion, labor, or action of any kind; release from exertion or action.n. Freedom or relief from everything that disquiets, wearies, or disturbs; peace; quiet; security; tranquillity.n. Sleep; slumber; hence, the last sleep; death; the grave.n. Stay; abode.n. That on or in which anything leans or lies for support.n. Specifically— A contrivance for steadying the lance when couched for the charge: originally a mere loop or stirrup, usually of leather, perhaps passed over the shoulder, but when the cuirass or breastplate was introduced seemed to a hook or projecting horn of iron riveted to this on the left side. This hook also is called rest. A similar hook was sometimes arranged so far at the side, and so projecting, as to receive the lance itself; but, this form being inconvenient, the projecting hook was arranged with a hinge. In the justs of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the heavy lance was found to require a counterpoise, and the rest was made double, the hook projecting sidewise and a long tongue or bar projecting backward under the arm with a sort of spiral twist at the end to prevent the butt of the lance from rising, so that the lance was held firmly, and required from the juster only the exertion of directing its point.n. A device of any kind for supporting the turning-tool or the work in a lathe.n. A support for the barrel of a gun in aiming and firing.n. In billiards, a rod having fixed at its point a crosspiece on which to support the cue: used when the cue-ball cannot easily be reached in the usual way. Also called bridge.n. A support or guide for stuff fed to a saw.n. In glyptics, a support, somewhat resembling a vise in form, attached to the lathe-head, and serving to steady the arm while the edges of graving-tools are being shaped.n. In pros., a short pause of the voice in reading; a cesura.n. In music: A silence or pause between tones.n. In musical notation, a mark or sign denoting such a silence, Rests vary in form to indicate their duration with reference to each other and to the notes with which they occur; and they are named from the notes to which they are equivalent, as follows: breve rest, ; semibreve or whole-note rest, ; minim or half-note rest, ; crotchet or quarter-note rest, or ; quaver or eighth-note rest, ; semiquaver or sixteenth-note rest, ; demisemiquaver or thirty-second-note rest, ; hemidemisemiquaver or sixty-fourth-note rest, . The duration of a rest, as of a note, may be extended one half by a dot, as , or indefinitely by a hold, . The semibreve rest is often used as a measure-rest, whatever may be the rhythmic signature (as a below); similarly, the two-measure rest is like b, the three measure rest like c, the four-measure rest like d; or a semibreve rest or similar character is used with a figure above to indicate the number of measures, as e or femininen. A syllable.n. In accounting, the stopping to strike a balance or sum up the total, as for the purpose of computing commissions or compounding interest.n. In heraldry, same as clarion and sufflue.n. Same as mace, 3.n. In court-tennis, a quick and continued returning of the ball from one player to the other.n. In the game of primero, the highest or final stake made by a player; also, the hand of cards or the number of points held. See to set up one's rest, under set.n. Synonyms Pause, Stay, etc. (see stop).n. Rest, Repose, Ease, Quiet, Tranquillity, Peace. While these words are used with some freedom, rest and repose apply especially to the suspended activity of the body; ease and quiet to freedom from occupation or demands for activity, especially of the body; tranquillity and peace to the freedom of the mind from harassing cares or demands.To cease from action, motion, work, or performance of any kind; stop; desist; be without motion.To come to a pause or to an end; end.To be free from whatever harasses or disturbs; be quiet or still; be undisturbed.To take rest; repose.To sleep; slumber.In botany, to lie dormant. See resting-spore, resting-state, etc.To sleep the final sleep; die, or be dead.To stand or lie, as upon a support or basis; be supported; have a foundation: literally or figuratively.To be satisfied; acquiesce.To be fixed in any state or opinion; remain.To lean; trust; rely; have confidence; depend for support.To be in a certain state or position, as an affair; stand.In law, to terminate voluntarily the adducing of evidence, in order to await the counter-evidence of the adverse party, or to submit the case, upon the evidence, to the tribunal for decision.To consist or remain in.Synonyms To stay, forbear.1, 3, and Rest, Repose. Rest signifies primarily to cease from action or work, but naturally by extension to be refreshed by doing so, and further to be refreshed by sleeping. Repose does not necessarily imply previous work, but does imply quietness, and generally a reclining position, while we may rest in a standing position. See stop, n., and rest, n. To depend.To give repose to; place at rest: refresh by repose: sometimes used reflexively: as, to rest one's self (that is, to cease from exertion for the purpose of recruiting one's energies).To lay or place, as on a support, basis, or foundation: literally or figuratively.To leave; allow to stand.To be left.; remain.To continue to be; remain: as, rest assured that it is true.To keep; cause to continue or remain: used with a predicate adjective following and qualifying the object.n. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder.n. Those not included in a proposition or description; others.n. Balance; difference; specifically, in the weekly reports of the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities, forming a sort of reserve fund against contingencies.n. Synonyms Residue, etc. See remainder.To arrest.An obsolete form of reast.A dialectal variant of roast.n. An obsolete phonetic spelling of wrest.n. Any fixed period during which interest accrues and at the end of which a balance is struck, interest accruing from thence on the balance struck, thus giving the benefit of compound interest: a terra in common use in computing interest on mortgages, trust funds, and the like.n. In anatomy, a minute accessory suprarenal gland embedded in the kidney or the liver.